Research Overview

The very condensed information on #BandyinOlympics is based on comprehensive analyses. The research includes all items in its details and entirety commonly name tagged “Cutterbolt”. Cutterbolt – An appraisal of the Sports Programme of the Olympic Winter Games. There are four main Cutterbolts I – IV. These include 24 presentations displayed in text, diagrams, graphs, and tables. In addition, there are ad hoc papers. The database enables further research.

Target audience

The target audiences of the research are until further notice decision makers on Olympic programme participation in the Olympic Winter Games. These are representatives of the IOC, OCOGs (Organizing Committee of the Games), NOCs (National Olympic Committee), and IFs (International Federation). Media, academia, and authories may share the information on request.


Commercial sales:

The format is not yet prepared for commercial sales.


Cutterbolt I: An appraisal of the Sports Programme of the Olympic Winter Games:

Analyze real ongoing activity, popularity, and history. In essence, it is a review of the OPC Review.

The main text documents are the thesis “Benchmarking Winter Sports”.

Shorter versions are Abstract, Executive Summary, and Expanded Executive Summary.


Diagrams and graphs display supporting attachments. These are Cutterbolt and Cutterbolt Summary.

Linguistic versions: English, Chinese, French, German and Russian.


In addition, there are 8 thematic attachments, all name tagged with the prefix Cutterbolt:

Asia, Attribution, Attribution of the Review, Geography and Demography, IOC Monies, IOC Recognized Sports, Quota and Women.


Cutterbolt II: Popularity

Provide data and context of real popularity.

There are 5 documents, all name tagged with the prefix Cutterbolt:

World Most Popular Sports, Ticket Sales per Discipline, Ticket Sales Scenarios for Bandy, TV Sales per Discipline and The Origin of Chinese Ball Sports.


Cutterbolt III: Costs

Provide context for cost per Discipline.

There are 5 documents, all name tagged with the prefix Cutterbolt:

Quota No Hindrance, Bandy Aligned with New Norms, Bandy’s Low Capital Cost, Cost Per Discipline and The Olympic Financial Model.


Cutterbolt IV: Accountability

Provide context for Thomas Bach’s quest for: Safeguarding Olympic Values.

There are 4 documents, all name tagged with the prefix Cutterbolt:

The Olympic Movement, The Sports Programme and Accountability, Sports Programme Analyses and Safeguarding Olympic Values.


Research Abstract – Benchmarking Winter Sports

The purpose was to review the Sports Programme of the Olympic Winter Games (OWG). The Olympic Charter (OC) demands real ongoing activity. From 1973 the OC demanded real ongoing activity in 25 nations on 3 continents. The focal point was to identify the true Universality and true real ongoing activity among Disciplines. The outcome was that few of the 15 Disciplines currently on Sports Programme could claim global Universality. Most Disciplines command a lesser degree of Universality on one to two continents. The weaker ones have a low degree of Universality, They qualify as an additional sport, but not as permanent sport on the Programme. The outcome also revealed that bandy has a greater degree of Universality than many Disciplines. Bandy is qualified for the Winter Games.


Research Summary – Benchmarking Winter Sports

The Cutterbolt study applies the same model as The Review by the Olympic Programme Commission (OPC). It replaces the unit of analysis of a Discipline. The OPC use number of national member organizations (NFs) in international federations (IFs). The benchmarking report fills NFs with content. It fills the number of active athletes in each national federation. This method provides a more accurate measure for the OC criteria real ongoing activity. The data enable benchmarks of the current Olympic Disciplines versus the challengers IOC Recognized Sports. The conclusion is that bandy will strengthen the Games.

The historic medals table demonstrates that the spread of excellence among Olympic winter sports nations is constrained to 12 countries. Of these 7 west European and 2 North American have heritage sports on the programme. The 12 countries have won 87 % of medals 1924-2014, mainly in own heritage sports. 22 nations have won 97 %. Broken down on the 15 Disciplines: On average 5 nations compete for the 3 medals.

This backdrop gave a tentative research question. Is the true Universality in a number of athletes also is constrained to these nations? Outcome confirmed the same pattern. The 12 leading nations have 88 % of athletes. 22 nations have 97% of athletes.

Over 1300 national federation sections (NFs) claim to organize the 15 Disciplines at the national level. The OPC Review reveals that there are 120 – 200 NFs with real ongoing activity, but did not highlight this outcome. Cutterbolt reveals that 65 NFs (5 % of NFs) have 97 % of athletes. 6 Disciplines, including bandy, have NFs in this size stratum. 159 NFs (12 % of NFs) have 99 % of athletes. The 159 NFs are not evenly distributed across the 15 Disciplines.

The Winter Olympics is predisposed by local heritage sports in the subarctic climate zone. Currently, there are heritage sports from two continents. The problem is that the west European local heritage sports, with the exception of alpine skiing, have not scaled outside its core. Bandy has real ongoing activity on three continents. The conclusion is that bandy instantly will strengthen the Games.


©All rights

The intellectual property rights protect ownership and rights of research and work and all activity conducted by the author. The research includes all items in its details and entirety commonly referred to as “Cutterbolt”, but not confined to this name tag. The research work is purpose made, but not restricted to, application of a Sport to be part of the Olympic Winter Games. The rights include ideal rights and economic rights. Ideal rights include rights to accurate citation reference to the author when used according to custom and good manners. It includes moreover protection against the offensive use or alteration of work. Economic rights include all financial and economic return, acquirement of assets including intangible goodwill assets in any form arising from the use of the research, work, and activity done by the author. The entitlements in copyrights encompass all rights reserved for exemplary production, all rights reserved for public availability, all rights reserved for private availability. The use of the research requires an agreement with the author.


Granted rights

The author owns the information and owns any income that is a result of this information. The International Bandy Federation – FIB has been granted the rights to use the information for the purpose of promoting the sport for the Olympics. The author may cancel this granted right at any moment at own discretion. Any financial and or commercial returns arising from the use of the information is subject to agreement with the author.


Old displays of the Research

The research is under continuous development. FIB and affiliates were given the right to display these older versions for free with deadline originally set to 31.12.2016. All these versions are ceased due to upgrading and shall not be used in future public or private correspondence, presentations or gatherings. These older displays shall not be actively used in any form without the author’s consent.